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The fifth major innovation on the horizon is called blockchain scaling. Right now, in the blockchain world, every computer in the network processes every transaction. This is slow. A scaled blockchain accelerates the process, without sacrificing security, by figuring out how many computers are necessary to validate each transaction and dividing up the work efficiently.  +
The arenas where legal informatics has been successful have been ones in which information technology has already transformed practice in society generally - effectively through standard business type practices and information retrieval and management. The arenas where success have been lacking has been those involving transformation of the substantive culture of legal work including legal education. If legal informatics is to have a bright substantive future then a number of issues need to be addressed.  +
2019 focused on AI taxonomy, defining AI, the role of XAI and the question of AI entity rights. Below is a quick look at some of the main discussion points.  +
One size of attorney no longer fits all legal consumers’ needs. The goal should be to have various levels of legal professionals available to serve everyone. To that end, I believe law schools should embrace change and skip over any limbo or depression stages. Improving access to justice requires a broad and inclusive approach to law school reform to provide more affordable alternatives for citizens.  +
Many African countries face a dearth of lawyers, leaving poorer individuals to navigate the winding road to justice alone. Community paralegals, non-lawyers armed with legal knowledge and a sophisticated understanding of the mechanics of state institutions, use mediation, organizing, education, and advocacy to help individuals and communities demand and realize their rights. Community paralegals in Africa emerged as early as the 1950s in South Africa, helping black South Africans attempt escape from apartheid’s legal black hole. Since then, paralegalism as a method of legal empowerment has spread like a brushfire throughout Africa.  +
A year ago, no one in the legal profession was talking about blockchain. It was a word few lawyers knew. Now law firms have practice groups that focus on it, consortia have been formed to study its applications in law, and there has been at least one major conference devoted to it. For all of these reasons, I pick blockchain as the legal technology word of the year.  +
A citation has three parts: bibliographic description, location designation, and parenthetical information (whether or not it is enclosed within parentheses).  +
Certified B Corporations and benefit corporations are often confused. They share much in common and are complementary, but have a few important differences. Certified B Corporations and benefit corporations are both leaders of a global movement to use business as a force for good. Both meet higher standards of accountability and transparency. Both create the opportunity to unlock our full human potential and creativity to use the power of business for the higher purpose of solving society's most challenging problems.  +
New digital technologies and the effective use of government data present opportunities to better deliver to people’s needs. To fully realise these opportunities, policy and rules need to be developed in a manner that recognises the context of the business or citizen customer experience, and enables digital service delivery where appropriate. A different approach would be to apply a multi-disciplinary and multi-stakeholder approach to co-design authoritative and reusable sources of machine consumable legislation and rules in conjunction with the transparently equivalent human-readable versions. This enables software, artificial intelligence, blockchain and IoT applications to be primary consumers of government rules.  +
We consider blockchain technologies and ecosystems as a subset of computational law more broadly, while recognizing that the interest and investment in blockchain offerings is helping to drive adoption and valuable use cases in a variety of industries and verticals.  +
As each transaction in every block is made at a specific time, each block is linked to the previous block of transactions. By grouping these blocks we get what is referred to as the Block Chain. And since this grouping of blocks occurs as per the protocol dictated by the algorithm underpinning the creation of Bitcoins, this protocol is defined as the Block Chain protocol.  +
By the use of blockchain technology, it is possible to return control over personal information to displaced persons, which can be the first step in developing digital identities for them. An underlying principle for the safe, secure and humanitarian use of technology as it relates to identity now becomes possible: Anyone with this new form of identity can control access to his or her own personal information.  +
If you read these five blog posts you will not know everything there is to know about blockchain, cryptocurrency, and smart contracts. You will, however, have a very good handle on the basics, and should be able to understand the promise of this new technology class.  +
De Soto has long asserted that citizens of poor countries are unable to develop plots of land or utilize them as collateral because they lack clear legal titles. He says that when ownership of assets is difficult to trace and validate amid no legally recognizable set of rules governing them, they become what he calls “dead capital,” with no real inherent value. As such, de Soto has advocated for blockchain technology as a potential solution for solving these problems.  +
The Internet Bar Organization (IBO) has developed a coordinated approach to bring existing technologies together and launch a world relief operation, first for the Rohingya, and then for the invisibles in every community on a project-by-project basis. Kenyan refugees, displaced people in Haiti, homeless in Nashville, Tennessee and your town can be given a sovereign internet identity with blockchain technology. Verifiable biometric claim technology can insure that a person is who she claims to be. Cybercurrency and lost public credentials (digital educational and professional documentation) can be obtained and deposited in secure digital wallets for each individual who chooses to live and maintain their digital valuables in a virtual and sovereign secure fashion.  +
Blockchain is an innovation of the Fourth Industrial Revolution that builds upon technologies of the Third: the security of the underlying infrastructure, the internet, just cannot be taken for granted. Securing blockchain starts with traditional information security. At its root are concepts such as defence-in-depth, invented in the 17th century by French military architect Vauban, or the CIA triad, confidentiality, integrity and availability, already used by Julius Caesar in his time.  +
Think about a blockchain as a distributed database that maintains a shared list of records. These records are called blocks, and each encrypted block of code contains the history of every block that came before it with timestamped transaction data down to the second. In effect, you know, chaining those blocks together. Hence blockchain.  +
If the prosecution does not disclose material exculpatory evidence under this rule, and prejudice has ensued, the evidence will be suppressed.  +
How can we visually represent norms and normative concepts? Can we use icons [and] metaphors?  +
Building the justice layer of the Internet requires us not only to rethink how we make law in a global, technologically based system; it also requires that we invent technologies that work in real time, across borders, across disciplines, and across a huge mass of stakeholders, all looking to protect their interests. Our challenge is to act as a profession and acknowledge not only that access to justice for the most vulnerable is restricted but also that the capacity of traditional legal institutions is lacking. Mobilizing the power of technology to reduce the gap is our opportunity.  +
Has type"Has type" is a predefined property that describes the datatype of a property and is provided by Semantic MediaWiki.